P 2.2

Open Access – routes towards universalization: golden national based solutions

2018.09.27 — 11:00-12:30


The adoption of national, regional and institutional policies to promote free access to scientific knowledge have contributed significantly to boosting the growth of open access. In this context, the gold route represents one of the most important paths for the universalization of open access to scientific literature and the solutions employed complement the advances of open access globally with the contribution of the commercial publishers that started to gradually adopt open access solutions, the emergence of open access megajournals and open access repositories of articles published in restricted access journals. In recent years we have also seen the easing of use licenses that contribute to the increase of the number of open access publications, mainly in line with the principles and practices of open science.

Although the increase of open access publications is noticeable, the distribution of these titles among countries is not homogeneous; two contexts stand out. On the one hand, there are countries with an important tradition in commercial publishing, especially in the USA, UK, the Netherlands and Germany, and whose advance toward open access depends on business models that ensure the financial returns to large publishers; and on the other, there are mainly the emerging economies, whose journals do not draw much commercial interest, being mostly published in open access. Between these two environments, there are also national initiatives in developed countries that publish journals outside the commercial circuit of the large publishers.

In this scenario, Latin America is known to be one of the most advanced regions of the world to use the open access publishing model as a strategy to increase the visibility of the scientific output in the countries of the region. This protagonism is largely driven by national and regional initiatives, underlining the pioneering SciELO, which, through its decentralized model, promoted and developed a network of national collections of open access journals, focusing on each countries’ conditions and priorities. In most of these countries the collections reflect the implementation of public policies supporting research infrastructure and its communication, with emphasis on nationally published journals.

Through similar solutions, other countries have also highlighted the importance of nationally published journals for their national research systems, and have been making efforts to develop national open access journals collections (France, Serbia, and Japan, among others) as one of the essential components of their strategies of active participation in the global flow of scientific output and scholarly communication.

In view of the above, this panel will analyze the main characteristics of the most relevant national solutions, advances already achieved, barriers and challenges toward universalization of open access and alignment with open science.


Open access gold route journals, characteristics of national solutions, funding models for open access, metrics on the state of open access, barriers to universal access, and open access policies in line with open science practices.

How to contribute

You are invited to participate and cooperate with the SciELO 20 Years celebration with comments, testimonies, blog posts, articles, etc, related to the topic of this or other panels.



In development.


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CRAWFORD, W. GOAJ3: Gold Open Access Journals 2012-2017. Livermore, CA: Cites & Insights Books, 2018. Available from: https://waltcrawford.name/goaj3.pdf.

GUEDON, J. C. Open Access and the divide between “mainstream” and “peripheral”. At: e-prints in library & information science, 2008. Register number 10778. Available from:http://eprints.rclis.org/10778/1/Brazil-final.pdf.

LAAKSO, M., and BJÖRK, B.-C. Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and internal structure. BMC Medicine. 2012, 10, 124. Available from:http://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7015-10-124.

PACKER, A.L. The SciELO Program and Gold Road Open Access. In: SCHÖPFEL, J. Learning from the BRICS: open access to scientific information in emerging countries. Sacramento, CA: Litwin Books, 2015.

PIWOWAR, H and others. The state of OA: a large-scale analysis of the prevalence and impact of Open Access articles. PeerJ. 6, e4375. Available from: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4375.

SCIENCE-METRIX INC. Analytical Support for Bibliometrics Indicators. Open access availability of scientific publications. Montreal: Science-Metrix Inc., 2018. Available from: http://www.science-metrix.com/sites/default/files/science-metrix/publications/science-metrix_open_access_availability_scientific_publications_report.pdf.


MOUNIER, P. Towards universal open access? Why we need bibliodiversity rather than a “silver bullet” [online]. SciELO in Perspective, 2018 [viewed 14 August 2018]. Available from: https://blog.scielo.org/en/2018/08/14/towards-universal-open-access-why-we-need-bibliodiversity-rather-than-a-silver-bullet

NAKAJIMA, R. Competitiveness and Open Access of journals in a non-English speaking country [online]. SciELO in Perspective, 2018 [viewed 04 September 2018]. Available from: https://blog.scielo.org/en/2018/09/04/competitiveness-and-open-access-of-journals-in-a-non-english-speaking-country/


In development.


In development.

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