P 4.1.1

The political and social impact of journals and the research they communicate

2018.09.26 — 16:00-17:30

About

More than an umbrella term, open science is moving towards broadening and integrating the open access movement to scholarly literature on other fronts, such as open scientific data, open scientific tools, open notebook science, open education, and citizen science.

This “movement of movements” transforms the scenario and the dynamics of science collaboration, communication and dissemination, expanding its ability to respond to contemporary new and complex issues, while posing new challenges. On the one hand, new possibilities arise for the generation of social, economic and environmental benefits, as well as innovation, associated to increased reach, speed and quality of production and circulation of scientific knowledge, its results and possible uses. On the other hand, new institutional and technological requirements are imposed on the adoption of open research policies, strategies, and practices (regulations, capacities, infrastructures, and tools), and the costs derived therefrom. A new economics of open science is being developed, together with new business models, with repercussions on the present and future of scientific journals and their relationship with other scientific publication and publicization systems emerging from this framework, as well as with the monitoring, evaluation and research financing apparatuses.

It is also important to recognize the different implications of this changing scenario regarding more and less developed countries, placing new opportunities and barriers for their science, technology and innovation systems and their respective repositioning in the global scenario.

Syllabus

Open science, science communication and the challenges of sustainable development; open publications and innovation; the new economy (politics) of open science and its infrastructures of scholarly communication: costs and benefits (academic, social, and economic); political and institutional requirements; business models emerging from open scientific publications; opportunities and challenges for developing countries.

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Bibliography

Adams, Jonathan. Impact of Open Science methods and practices on the economics of research and science: case Studies from Life, Mathematical and Social Sciences. European Commission, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, 2015. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openvision/pdf/rise/adams_impact_of_open_science_methods.pdf

Babini, Dominique. Open access initiatives in the Global South affirm the lasting value of a shared scholarly communications system. Available from: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2013/10/23/global-south-open-access-initiatives/

Posada, Alejandro; Chen, George. Inequality in Knowledge Production: The Integration of Academic Infrastructure by Big Publishers. In: ELPUB 2018, Jun 2018, Toronto, Canada. Available from: https://doi.org/10.4000/proceedings.elpub.2018.30

Tennant JP, Waldner F, Jacques DC et al. The academic, economic and societal impacts of Open Access: an evidence-based review [version 3; referees: 4 approved, 1 approved with reservations]. F1000Research. 2016, 5:632. DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.8460.3

Van Noorden, Richard. Open access: The true cost of science publishing. Cheap open-access journals raise questions about the value publishers add for their money. 27 March 2013 Corrected: 26 June 2013, 05 April 2013. Available from: https://www.nature.com/news/open-access-the-true-cost-of-science-publishing-1.12676

Willinsky, J. The Stratified Economics of Open Access. Economic Analysis & Policy . 2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p53-70. 18p. Available from: https://tidsskrift.dk/ojssb/article/download/2706/2328

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